Bitnami Liferay

    Liferay is a portal framework that has been in development since 2000. It helps to streamline business processes by offering a single sign-on, web-based gateway for users to locate relevant content and easy access to commonly used applications. Liferay is focused on the user experience and allows customization through drag-and-drop portlets, themes and personal pages with a self-defined, friendly URL. The portal also offers control over access to sensitive information and functionality, collaborative tools such as instant messaging, message boards, blogs and wikis, and access to all the organization’s data, content, and information.

    Please, take a look to the Quick Start Guide to know the basic use of this Stack. You may also want to download our whitepaper on Running Liferay in the Cloud with Bitnami.

    How to start/stop the servers?

    Graphical tool

    The native installers include a graphical tool to manage the servers easily. You can find the "manager-windows.exe", "manager-osx" or "manager-linux" tool in your installation directory. Using this tool, you can Start, Stop or Restart the servers and check the log files. You can click on the icon to start it.

    manager-servers.png

     

    manager-osx.png

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     


    win_platform.png

    On Windows: You can also start the Manager tool from shortcuts: Start -> Program Files -> Bitnami Stack -> Manager tool

    Command line tool

    If you prefer, you can use the "ctlscript.sh" utility from the command line. This script is in the installation directory.

    linux_platform.png

    On Virtual Machines and Cloud images:

    $ sudo /opt/bitnami/ctlscript.sh start

    A native installer on Linux:

    $ cd ~/application-version
    $ ./ctlscript.sh start
    

    mac_platform.png

     

    On OS X: You can start the Manager tool from the installation directory or you can use the "ctlscript.sh" utility from a Terminal.

    host:~ user$ cd /Applications/application-version
    host:~ user$ ./ctlscript.sh start

    How to change the default URL?

    Manual Approach

    The following steps describes how to configure your Liferay application to run in the root URL directly

    Note: For native installers you need to use your current Liferay Stack installation directory instead of /opt/bitnami

    • Rename webapps/liferay to webapps/ROOT
    $ sudo mv /opt/bitnami/apache-tomcat/webapps/ROOT/ /opt/bitnami/apache-tomcat/webapps/ROOT.backup
    $ sudo mv /opt/bitnami/apache-tomcat/webapps/liferay /opt/bitnami/apache-tomcat/webapps/ROOT
    
    • Comment out the "portal.ctx" property in the /installdir/apache-tomcat/webapps/ROOT/WEB-INF/classes/portal-ext.properties file:
    $ sudo sed -i 's/portal.ctx/#portal.ctx/g' /opt/bitnami/apache-tomcat/webapps/ROOT/WEB-INF/classes/portal-ext.properties
    
    • Edit the Apache configuration for Liferay (/opt/bitnami/apps/liferay/conf/httpd-app.conf or /opt/bitnami/apps/liferay/conf/liferay.conf in previous versions) to remove the /liferay redirections:
    <Location />
    ProxyPass ajp://localhost:8009/
    </Location>
    ...
    # App url redirect
    RewriteEngine On
    RedirectMatch ^/$ /
    
    • Restart the services:
    $ sudo /opt/bitnami/ctlscript.sh restart
    

    Note: Liferay welcome message is not reconfigured so it is possible that you can not see the images for this message. This is a known issue that only affects to the welcome message.

    How to create a full backup of Liferay?

    Backup

    Bitnami stacks are self-contained and the simplest option for performing a backup is to copy or compress the Bitnami stack installation directory. To do so in a safe manner, you will need to stop all servers, so this method may not be appropriate if you have people accessing the application continuously.

    Cloud Server

    Follow these steps:

    • Change to the directory in which you wish to save your backup.
      cd /your/directory
      
    • Stop all servers.
      $ sudo /opt/bitnami/ctlscript.sh stop
      
    • Create a compressed file with the stack contents.
      $ sudo tar -pczvf application-backup.tar.gz /opt/bitnami
    • Restart all servers.
      $ sudo /opt/bitnami/ctlscript.sh start

    You should now download or transfer the application-backup.tar.gz file to a safe location.

    Virtual Machine

    Follow these steps:

    • Change to the directory in which you wish to save your backup.
      cd /your/directory
      
    • Stop all servers.
      $ sudo /opt/bitnami/ctlscript.sh stop
    • Create a compressed file with the stack contents.
      $ sudo tar -pczvf application-backup.tar.gz /opt/bitnami
    • Restart all servers.
      $ sudo /opt/bitnami/ctlscript.sh start
      

    You should now download or transfer the application-backup.tar.gz file to a safe location.

    Native Installer (Windows)

    Follow these steps:

    • Stop all servers using the shortcuts in the Start Menu or the graphical manager tool.
    • Create a compressed file with the stack contents. You can use a graphical tool like 7-Zip or WinZip.
    • Stop all servers using the shortcuts in the Start Menu or the graphical manager tool.

    You should now download or transfer the application-backup.zip file to a safe location.

    Native Installer (Linux and Mac OS X)

    Follow these steps:

    • Change to the directory in which you wish to save your backup.
      cd /your/directory
      
    • Stop all servers.
      $ sudo installdir/ctlscript.sh stop
      
    • Create a compressed file with the stack contents.
      $ sudo tar -pczvf application-backup.tar.gz installdir
      
    • Restart all servers.
      $ sudo installdir/ctlscript.sh start
      

    You should now download or transfer the application-backup.tar.gz file to a safe location.

    Tabs end

    Restore

    Bitnami stacks are self-contained, so to restore a stack, you only need to uncompress the backup file in the same location. It is important to use the same path that was used when the stack was originally installed.

    Cloud Server

    Follow these steps:

    • Change to the directory containing your backup.
      cd /your/directory
      
    • Stop all servers.
      $ sudo /opt/bitnami/ctlscript.sh stop
    • Rename the current directory to save it.
      $ sudo mv /opt/bitnami /opt/bitnamiBackup
    • Uncompress the backup file to the original directory.
      $ sudo tar -pxzvf application-backup.tar.gz -C /
    • Start all servers.
      $ sudo /opt/bitnami/ctlscript.sh start
      

    Virtual Machine

    Follow these steps:

    • Change to the directory containing your backup.
      cd /your/directory
      
    • Stop all servers.
      $ sudo /opt/bitnami/ctlscript.sh stop
    • Rename the current directory to save it.
      $ sudo mv /opt/bitnami /opt/bitnamiBackup
    • Uncompress the backup file to the original directory.
      $ sudo tar -pxzvf application-backup.tar.gz -C /
    • Start all servers.
      $ sudo /opt/bitnami/ctlscript.sh start
      

    Native Installer (Windows)

    Follow these steps:

    • Uncompress the backup file to the original directory.
    • Install services by launching a new command prompt and executing the following commands. Administrator privileges are required.
      $ cd installdir
      $ serviceinstall.bat INSTALL
      

    You can now start or stop servers using the graphical manager tool.

    Native Installer (Linux and Mac OS X)

    Follow these steps:

    • Change to the directory containing your backup.
      cd /your/directory
      
    • Stop all servers.
      $ sudo /opt/bitnami/ctlscript.sh stop
      
    • Rename the current directory to save it.
      $ sudo mv installdir installdirBackup
    • Uncompress the backup file to the original directory.
      $ sudo tar -pxzvf application-backup.tar.gz -C /
      
    • Start all servers.
      $ sudo installdir/ctlscript.sh start
      

    Tabs end

    IMPORTANT: When restoring, remember to maintain the original permissions for the files and folders. For example, if you originally installed the stack as 'root', make sure that the restored files are owned by 'root'.


    If you want to create only a database backup, refer to these instructions for MySQL and PostgreSQL.

    How to upgrade Liferay?

    It is strongly recommended to create a backup before starting the update process. If you have important data, create and try to restore a backup to ensure that everything works properly.

    There are two different ways to upgrade your application.

    • You can upgrade the application and all stack components, such as PHP, Ruby, MySQL and Apache.
    • You can upgrade the application only without modifying any other stack components.
      • Use the links provided in the application page on the wiki.

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